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Knitting Abbreviations Master List

Following is a list of knitting abbreviations used by yarn industry designers and publishers. The most commonly used abbreviations are highlighted. In addition, designers and publishers may use special abbreviations in a pattern, which you might not find on this list. Generally, a definition of special abbreviations is given at the beginning of a book or pattern.

Abbreviation Description   Abbreviation Description

[ ]

work instructions within brackets as many times as directed

 

pat(s)
or patt

pattern(s)

( )

work instructions within parentheses in the place directed

 

pm

place marker

* *

repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed

 

pop

popcorn

*

repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed

 

p2tog

purl 2 stitches together

"

inch(es)

 

prev

previous

alt

alternate

 

psso

pass slipped stitch over

approx

approximately

 

pwise

purlwise

beg

begin/beginning

 

rem

remain/remaining

bet

between

 

rep

repeat(s)

BO

bind off

 

rev St st

reverse stockinette stitch

CA

color A

 

RH

right hand

CB

color B

 

rnd(s)

round(s)

CC

contrasting color

 

RS

right side

cm

centimeter(s)

 

sk

skip

cn

cable needle

 

skp

slip, knit, pass stitch over—one stitch decreased

CO

cast on

 

sk2p

slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together;
2 stitches have been decreased

cont

continue

 

sl

slip

dec

decrease/
decreases/
decreasing

 

sl1k

slip 1 knitwise

dpn

double pointed needle(s)

 

sl1p

slip 1 purlwise

fl

front loop(s)

 

sl st

slip stitch(es)

foll

follow/follows/
following

 

ss

slip stitch (Canadian)

g

gram

 

ssk

slip, slip, knit these 2 stiches together—a decrease

inc

increase/increases/
increasing

 

sssk

slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together

k or K

knit

 

st(s)

stitch(es)

k2tog

knit 2 stitches together

 

St st

stockinette stitch/stocking stitch

kwise

knitwise

 

tbl

through back loop

LH

left hand

 

tog

together

lp(s)

loop(s)

 

WS

wrong side

m

meter(s)

 

wyib

with yarn in back

M1

make one stitch

 

wyif

with yarn in front

M1 p-st

make one purl stitch

 

yd(s)

yard(s)

MC

main color

 

yfwd

yarn forward

mm

millimeter(s)

 

yo

yarn over

oz

ounce(s)

 

yrn

yarn around needle

p or P

purl

 

yon

yarn over needle

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